The Impact of Climatic Factors on Human Comfort; Case Study: Educational Facilities in Bushehr
Fossil fuels are among those natural resources which have been increasingly used to produce energy. However, with the passage of time and the endangerment of human health and the environment, human being is to prompt to adopt measures to protect the environment. Since most of the energy produced in Iran is derived from fossil fuels, and more than half of energy consumption in buildings all around the country is due to poor design, taking measures to reduce the energy consumption of these types of fuel in Iran -especially in the construction sector- is essential. One of the solutions that can significantly reduce energy consumption in buildings and prevent or reduce the environmental pollution, is climatic design. The aim of this article was to provide proper arrangement and orientation in main spaces of educational facilities (classrooms and laboratories) in Bushehr. To this end, harmful climatic factors and ways to adjust them by climatic potentials were identified and the overall spatial arrangement in the vernacular architecture of Bushehr, and the effect of wind and solar radiation on the arrangement of these spaces were examined. The purpose was then, to provide measures for reduction of the use of active cooling systems, which can result in reducing the consumption of fossil fuels in educational buildings and preserving the environment. The required data for this study were collected through interviews and library research. The analysis results provided an overall layout for spaces (classrooms and laboratories) in buildings of higher education institutions in accordance with factors affecting human comfort and the location of such spaces (based on climate) in the vernacular architecture of Bushehr. The suggested solution can reduce the use of active cooling systems and in turn, the consumption of fossil fuels in buildings, which eventually can lead to a great amount of reduction in the environmental pollutions.