Factors Influencing the Physical Comfort of Elderly in Apartment Dwellings
Shelter is the most important basic need, and the nature and suitability of older people’s housing are key determinants of their well-being. While considerable amount of knowledge exists on physical configurations and features of older households, or older people’s living requirements, comparatively little is known of the physical requirements of special spaces within their shelter and how adequate or suitable it may be for the life of older occupants. Indeed, as people grow older their functionality and needs change significantly, and some may require a more supportive environment and care. In this paper, the category of affordable housing (i.e. apartments in residential complexes) and the spatial arrangements that is required for comfort of older occupants focusing on physical features and characteristics of kitchen was tested and analyzed. The estimated sample size included 171 apartments in residential complexes assuming 50% of kitchens with ceramic floors, relative precision of 15%, and confidence level of 95%. Results of the study revealed that a slippery or wet floor was considered the most common (37.1%) perceived hazard in kitchen area for older occupants in apartments.